Why the difference?
English, however, has not done so systematically over the past 600 years.
So English people don't spell by sticking to rules as the Italians
do. We train ourselves to remember the spelling from dictionaries,
memorising the look of the word like a photograph. And, because
nearly 4000 of our spellings are quirky, we take a long time to learn to
spell ‘properly’. If ‘head’, ‘said’
and ‘friend’ (which rhyme with ‘bed’ and ‘send’)
were spelt logically, we would have learnt the spelling much faster - we
would have learnt ‘hed’,
‘frend’ in no time. A complicated
spelling system, such as English uses, is called a ‘deep orthography’.